Tonga (Africa) New Testament

Translated by Erwin H. Richards in East Africa from 1884 to 1889.


Title: Itestamente Lipya nya pfumu yatu Jesu Kristu. Kanga Ku Lobidwego Ki Gitonga.
Date: 1897
Publisher: New York: American Bible Society.
Images: Title page
Comments: Second Edition (While this is the 'Second Edition,' it was the first time the complete New Testament was printed in one volume. The 'First Edition' was the individual scripture portions published between 1888 and 1890.)
References: Darlow & Moule: see 9326, The Book of a Thousand Tongues (1972) entry 1280.
Facsimile: A pdf facsimile of the 1905 edition is available at

According to the Darlow & Moule entry, an edition of 500 copies was issued in 1897 with funds provided by the Pennsylvania Bible Society.

Translation History

1888 Matthew, Luke, John, Acts, 1889 Acts, Romans-Jude Mongwe Mission, Inhambane
1890 Revelation, 1897 New Testament American Bible Society, New York
Translated by E.H. Richards, American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions.
1902 Ruth Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge, London
Translated by W.E. Smyth, Society for the Propagation of the Gospel.

— From The Book of a Thousand Tongues entry 1280.


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