Muskokee New Testament

Gospel of John - 1860

This was translated by H. F. Buckner, a Baptist Missionary to the Creeks (1845-1882), and G. Herrod, a Creek interpreter.

The alphabet used in this translation differs from that used in other Creek translations. In particular Buckner used an omega (ω) for a long o as in no and a theta (θ) for the "oo" sound as in took. In the preliminary matter, Buckner has a table explaining the alphabet to speakers of both English and Creek. The notes in the text are all in English. Following the text there is a list of names and titles of Christ, a list of special words and a hymn.

When translating the name of the Supreme Being, Buckner uses the name Jehovah (Chehofv) instead of the Creek word Hesakitvmise.

A large part of this edition was destroyed during the American Civil War.

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Title: The Gospel According to John. Oponvkv Hera Chanichoyvten, Oksumkvlki Irkinvkv, H. F. Buckner (Ichohonvnwv), Inyvtikv G. Herrod Itipake Maskoke Imoponvkv Tohtvlhoechvtet Omis. Pohesayechv Chesus hechkvte atekat ohrolope chokpi rokkohvmkin, chokpi chintvpakin, pali-epakvtis.
Date: 1860
Publisher: Marion, Alabama: Published by the Domestic and Indian Mission Board of the Southern Baptist Convention
Language: Creek (Muskokee)
Contents: John
References: Book of a Thousand Tongues (1972) entry 908, Darlow & Moule 6905.
Images: Title page
Facsimile: An online facsimile is available at archive.org

New Testament - 1875-1886

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Title: Cokv vpastel Pal Felepvlke, Kolasvlke, Resvlonikvlke I. & II., Temore I. & II., & Filemon. The Epistles of Paul the Apostle to the Philippians, Colossians, I & II Thessalonians, I & II Timothy, & Philemon
Date: 1885
Publisher: American Bible Society: New York
Language: Muskokee
Contents: Philippians, Colossians, I & II Thessalonians, I & II Timothy, Philemon
References: Book of a Thousand Tongues (1972) entry 908, Darlow & Moule 6919.
Images: Title page
Facsimile: An on-line facsimile is available at the Hathi Trust Digital Library

New Testament - Reprint 1979

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Title: Pu Pucase Momet Pu Hesayecv Cesvs Klist En Testement Mucvsat: Klekvlke Em Punvkv Mv Ofv Enhvteceskv Cohoyvte Aossen Tohtvlecihocet Os
Date: 1979 (First edition 1900)
Publisher: American Bible Society: New York
Language: Muskokee
Contents: Complete New Testament
Description: Table of Contents, New Testament in Muskokee presented verse-wise with a four page "glossary" at the end. The text is completely in Muskokee except for the publication information which is in English.
References: Book of a Thousand Tongues (1972) entry 908, Darlow & Moule see 6932.
Images: Title page
Comments: Based on a comparison between the 1885 portion (above) and the 1979 complete New Testament, the New Testament appears to be a reprint using the same plates.

Translation History

1835 John Shawanoe Baptist Mission, Indian Territory Translated by Johnathon Lykins and John Davis, Creek Baptists.
1855 Matthew Park Hill, Indian Territory Translated by Robert M. Longbridge, Presbyterian missionary, aided by David Winslett, a Creek.
1860 John Marion, Alabama Translated by H. F. Buckner, Baptist Missionary, and Goliah Herrod, a Creek.
1867-1869 Matthew, 1-3 John, 1871 John
1875-1886 New Testament (in 16 parts)
1887-1891 New Testament (revised) 1893 Genesis 1896 Psalms American Bible Society, New York
Translated by William S. Robertson and his wife, Ann Worcester Robertson, American Baptist Foreign Missionary Society with help from various Indian informants, including D. Hodge, J. T. W. and Legus Perrymanand N. Sullivan.

— From The Book of a Thousand Tongues entry 908


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