Literal Standard Version (LSV)

The Literal Standard Version (LSV) is a literal and mechanically word-for-word Modern English translation of the protocanonical books of the Bible with a number of distinctive features. It is described as the most literal translation of the Bible into the English language. The first edition was published by Covenant Press on February 2, 2020. More information can be found at Formats and editions are viewable here.

Click here for sample verses from the Literal Standard Version.


Title: Literal Standard Version (LSV)
Date: ⓒ 2020 (The Holy Bible) - subsequently released as CC BY-SA; ⓒ 2022 (The Complete 54-Book Apocrypha)
Publisher: Covenant Press; Covenant Christian Coalition
Contents: Old Testament; New Testament; Apocrypha; Pseudepigrapha; Apostolic Fathers; Preface; Introduction
Language: Modern English
Location:;; Barnes & Noble; various retail and online booksellers; BibleHub;; The Digital Bible Library from the United Bible Societies; The Global Project from the American Bible Society; Olive Tree; eno.ccc|sserPtnanevoC#eno.ccc|sserPtnanevoC
Comments: The LSV is a major revision of Young's Literal Translation based on the Masoretic Text, Textus Receptus, and Majority Text, with review and comparison to the critical apparatus, Septuagint, and Dead Sea Scrolls. It is the first modern translation with justified typography, the caesura mark, consistent concordance, and precise translation of original verbal forms. Interpolated words are usually contained in single brackets, while disputed text is contained in double brackets. The name of God in the Old Testament is transliterated using the Tetragrammaton ("YHWH" instead of "Jehovah" in the YLT). Where the name of God is implied in the New Testament, all-uppercase "LORD" is used.

The 66 books of The Holy Bible are a 2020 copyright, but released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license (CC BY-SA). The Apocrypha, along with Pseudepigrapha and the Apostolic Fathers, were published and copyrighted in 2022 and include Tobit, Judith, Wisdom, Sirach, 1–4 Baruch, 1–4 Maccabees, Apocryphal Esther, Apocryphal Psalms, Apocryphal Daniel (including Azariah, Susanna, and Bel and the Dragon), 1–2 Esdras, Prayer of Manasseh, Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, Jubilees, 1–3 Enoch, Book of Giants (from the DSS), Jasher, Life of Adam and Eve, Book of Creation, Testament of Abraham, Testament of Isaac, Testament of Jacob, Ladder of Jacob, Joseph and Asenath, Testament of Job, Testament of Moses, Testament of Solomon, Psalms of Solomon, Lives of the Prophets, Words of Gad the Seer, Ascension of Isaiah, Revelation of Abraham, Revelation of Elijah, Revelation of Zephaniah, Apocryphon of Ezekiel, Epistle of Aristeas, Didache, Revelation of Peter, Epistle of Barnabas, 3 Corinthians, 1–2 Clement, Seven Epistles of Ignatius, Epistle of Polycarp to the Philippians, Martyrdom of Polycarp, Epistle of Mathetes to Diognetus, The Shepherd of Hermas, Odes of Peace, Apology of Aristides, and additional apocryphal fragments.

Formats include standard paperback, large print paperback, economy paperback, standard hardcover, hardcover five-volume Reader's Bible, forthcoming leather bound, and various digital formats.

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